Unsupervised Latent Speaker Language Modeling

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TitleUnsupervised Latent Speaker Language Modeling
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsTam, YC, Vozila P
Keywordslanguage model adaptation, speaker topic modeling
Abstract

In commercial speech applications, millions of speech utterances from the field are collected from millions of users, creating a challenge to best leverage the user data to enhance speech recognition performance. Motivated by an intuition that similar users may produce similar utterances, we propose a latent speaker model for unsupervised language modeling. Inspired by latent semantic analysis (LSA), an unsupervised method to extract latent topics from document corpora, we view the accumu- lated unsupervised text from a user as a document in the corpora. We employ latent Dirichlet-Tree allocation, a tree-based LSA, to organize the latent speakers in a tree hierarchy in an unsupervised fashion. During speaker adaptation, a new speaker model is adapted via a linear interpolation of the latent speaker models. On an in-house evaluation, the proposed method reduces the word error rates by 1.4% compared to a well-tuned baseline with speaker-independent and speaker-dependent adaptation. Compared to a competitive document clustering approach based on the exchange algorithm, our model yields slightly better recognition performance.

URLhttp://www.cs.cmu.edu/ yct/papers/spklm.pdf